Government Ethiopia

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Ethiopia’s Judicial branch

Ethiopia is governed under the constitution of 1994, which provides for a president as chief of state and a prime minister as head of government.

The bicameral parliament consists of the 110-seat Council of the Federation, which represents the ethnic interests of the regional governments, and the 547-seat Council of People’s Representatives, whose members are popularly elected and who in turn elect the president. The prime minister is designated by the party in power following legislative elections.

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The Ethiopian legislative branch

Ethiopia is governed under the constitution of 1994, which gives for a president as chief of state and a prime minister as head of government.

The prime minister is designated by the party in power following legislative elections.
The Federal Parliamentary Assembly has two chambers:

• the Council of People’s Representatives with 547 members, elected for five-year terms in single-seat constituencies; and

• the Council of the Federation with 110 members, one for each nationality, and one additional representative for each one million of its population, chosen by the regional councils, which may elect them themselves or through popular elections

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Ethiopian police massacre

On October 18, 2006 an independent statement said Ethiopian police massacred 193 protesters, mainly in the capital Addis Ababa, in the violence of June and November following the May 2005 elections.

The report was released before the official independent report was given to the parliament. The leak made by Ethiopian judge Wolde-Michael Meshesha found that the government had hidden the true extent of deaths at the hands of the police.

This leak also brought more accusations that the opposition party which aggravated the riots was trying to damage the reputation of the government by leaking the inquisition illegally.

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